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Dental treatments in India - Worldclass outcomes at most affordable rates

We offer highly advanced dental treatments

Our affiliated dentists offer the latest in dental treatments at the most affordable of rates, at times entire treatments at just the price of your annual insurance premiums. The dentists are highly experienced and capable of delivering world class outcomes.

NABH and JCI accredited world class hospitals having state of the art facilities.

Computer Guided Anesthesia Technology

Our affiliated clinics are equipped with The Wand – Single Tooth Anesthesia ® system. This patented technology from the U.S. enables dentists to deliver anesthesia precisely where it is needed and in the exact dosage required, for significant pain reduction.

Rotary Tools

World-class rotary tools from Germany and Japan, which are used for drilling. They enable doctors to drill with greater precision, so the plaque and bacteria present at the site can be thoroughly removed. This allows fillings to properly attach to the cavity wall.

Strict adherence to sterilization

Autoclaves sterilize dental tools by subjecting them to high pressure, saturated steam. Our affiliated dentists are trained to maintain the highest levels of sterilization and sanitation in order to provide you the most infection free environment.

Intra Oral Camera

Intra Oral camera to provide your dentist unobstructed vision for those hard to see places. These images are live telecasted to a screen so your dentist can provide you the most precise treatments.

Dental Treatments

Dental Treatments

Dental procedures are related to the problems of teeth and jaw bones. Broader classifications of dental treatment include endodontic, orthodontic, periodontics, prosthodontics and a few others. Among these, there are various sub classifications such as implants, root canal, veneers, bridges, dentures, extraction etc. There are many conditions in which a person may require oral surgery. Most patients come to us for cosmetic dental procedures which aren’t covered by their insurance or for procedures that are far cheaper in India than their home country. We provide the best prices for Implants, crowns and veneers. At the same time we carry out one of the most complex tooth impaction surgeries to provide patients immediate relief from pain. We have an experience in assisting people with dental procedures for over a decade. Our services have helped many people move in the right direction and avail best facilities at the most affordable rates.

 

Dental Implants-

Also known as fixtures, dental implants are surgical components that support various oral prosthesis. These prosthesis may be crowns, dentures and bridges. In most cases of absence or loss of a tooth It is highly advisable to use dental implants.  Incase of implants the process takes roughly 3 months to complete as its completed in two stages. The first stage includes drilling into the bone and fixing a screw. The second stage which generally is done after three months after the bone has healed includes the attaching or screwing up of the implant/Pfm crown. Implants are done for both cosmetic as well as therapeutic reasons. If an absent tooth is not replaced with an Implant or Crown then there is a high chance that the surrounding teeth will become loose or dislocate and eventually fall from their original position as well leading to further complications. We provide the best rates for dental implants in the world.

 

Complex dental procedures for Impaction of tooth-

The tooth that fails to erupt in the dental arch of the expected development window is known as the impacted tooth. As they do not erupt, they remain retained throughout the lifetime of the person if not extracted or removed. These may eventually start to cause tremendous pain or some kind of infection. There are many reasons through which a particular teeth may be impacted. According to a general rule, all impacted teeth must be removed, except the canine teeth

COMPREHENSIVE RANGE OF ADVANCED SERVICES OFFERED BY HEALTH & HOLIDAYS

Our staff is sensitive to the needs of the patients and stand with you every step of the way.  They are capable to deliver assistance 24*7 in case of emergencies.

  • Pre-arrival, no-obligation free quote for your medical condition along with consultations and selection of best doctor/hospital

  • At H&H, all our assistance services are complimentary and you are not charged extra at the hospital if you go through us or go directly. Rather we have the capability of getting you the best prices.

  • Dedicated case manager as one-point contact for all your needs while you are here with us,also responsible to help you get the best price for your procedure

  • Complimentary Airport Pick-up/Drop, Translation,Interpretation services and assistance in choosing the best accommodation.

  • Complete assistance in making the right decisions when choosing the best procedure and full support during your stay at the hospital

  • When you’re back in your home country, we are always a click/call away for your regular follow-up, your visit was just the beginning of our relationship

Pre-Treatment

A patient who comes for dental treatment undergoes a through physical examination by our affiliated dentists. He/she may undergo certain investigations including X rays. The patients are advised the treatment and are given instructions on the process. Incase of implants the process takes roughly 3 months to complete as its completed in two stages.

Post-Treatment

Dental treatments/ procedures are always done on outpatients basis. After the anesthetic’s effect wears off, it is natural to feel pain. The pain may persist for 24-48 hours and soreness may be present for around 3-4 days. But this may not happen at all if the surgery is minor. In either case, the surgeon provides medication to help soothe the pain and soreness. If there’s no bleeding, the patient may start with soft foods. Oral hygiene with regular visits to the clinic help in fast and effective recovery.

Wisdom Teeth Removal

 

Wisdom teeth

Third molars or Wisdom teeth are the last teeth to come through and are examined to be a frequent cause of oral problems for many people across the globe. Wisdom teeth common appear between the ages of 17 and 21.

Wisdom teeth removal is a common oral surgical procedure. Depending on the extent of the impaction, however, the procedure may be more complicated than a simple extraction.

In many cases, there isn’t enough space to allow the wisdom teeth to develop in normal arch form and hence they tend to grow sideways. This can lead to the impaction of the third molars which results in infection, pain, and swelling etc. Even if the teeth manage to emerge sideways, they cause difficulties with chewing and cleaning which results in food accumulation and dental cavities. In these cases, wisdom tooth extraction or removal becomes unavoidable.

How many sessions are required for removing a wisdom tooth?
Removing a wisdom tooth usually takes two sessions.

  • The dentist then makes an incision in the soft tissue to expose the impacted tooth and removes any bone covering the tooth
  • Sometimes, impacted third molars are in an uncommon position which may require sectioning the teeth in order to extract the wisdom teeth entirely. After the tooth is removed, sutures are placed over the gum.
  • In the first session, the patient is sedated and the surgery is performed. The dentist numbs the area with local anesthesia or administers general anesthesia, depending on the situation.
  • The next session is performed seven days after the surgery when the sutures are removed from the healed soft tissue.

 
How long does the entire process take?
Healing may take longer depending on patient’s general oral hygiene and health. Healing of the soft tissue is commonly done within seven days of the wisdom tooth extraction.

What type of dentist removes wisdom teeth?
Wisdom tooth or third molar surgeries are performed by oral surgeons. Wisdom tooth removal can also be completed by a general dentist who has the skills required for removing impacted, partially erupted or un-erupted third molars.

Recovery :– The recovery period for wisdom tooth removal is about seven days, until the soft tissue over the extraction site heals up completely.
– Bone healing and formation of the gum tissue takes approximately one month.

– Jaw fractures during the surgery or if there was a nerve injury, complete recovery may take longer than six months.

 

Risks :– Pain and swelling
– Difficulty opening the mouth
– Pain at the injection site
– Bleeding
– Slow healing
– Numbness or Paraesthesia  in mouth or lips due to nerve injury
– Jaw dislocation
– Bone fracture

– Tooth fracture
– Dry socket formation due to loss of blood clot.

-Damage to adjacent tooth or bridge work or crown
– Sinus opening in case of maxillary third molar surgeries

 

After care:
– Do not smoke during the recovery phase as it may irritate the soft tissue and delay the wound healing

-Avoid rinsing the mouth for first 24 hours as this may result in losing the blood clot
– Take proper medication as prescribed by the dentist
– Stick to a liquid or soft diet and avoid spicy foods during the first few days of the recovery phase

– Take proper rest and avoid physical exertion the day following the surgery
– Use ice packs to reduce pain and swelling of the soft tissue and face
– Maintain good oral hygiene by cleaning and flossing the rest of the teeth, but avoid brushing over the extraction area
– After 24 hours following the surgery, rinse your mouth with warm saline water two to three times a day for at least the next five days.

 

Aesthetic Dentistry

What is Aesthetic Dentistry?

Aesthetic dentistry focuses on improving the dental aesthetic in terms of color, position, size, shape, alignment and overall smile appearance. This is a Sub-Specialty of dentistry that involves improving the appearance of person’s teeth, gums or bite. Aesthetic dentistry is also known as cosmetic dentistry.
Types of aesthetic dentistry

  • Straightening of teeth also known as orthodontics
  • The addition of a dental material to gums or teeth as bonding laminate caps or gum grafts.
  • Neither removing nor adding dental materials, gums or tooth structure such as bleaching and gum De-
  • Removal of tooth structure or gums such as gingivectomy and enameloplasty

Examples of aesthetic dentistry procedures

  • Tooth whitening:It is the most usual aesthetic dental procedure with over the counter products readily available. However, supervised treatments are suggested. It is also referred to as tooth bleaching.
  • Laser whitening:This procedure includes covering the gums with rubber and applying a bleaching chemical on the teeth. A laser beam is then projected upon the teeth. This is to accelerate the bleaching process. The laser activates the bleaching chemical and lightens the teeth color.
  • Bonding:This procedure involves applying the enamel-like dental composite material to the tooth’s surface, sculpting it into shape, hardening it and then polishing it.
  • Dental bridges:These are false teeth which are fused between two porcelain crowns to fill in gaps left be missing teeth. They are also known as pontics. This procedure is used to replace one or more missing teeth. They cannot be taken out like partial dentures
  • Tooth reshaping:This procedure includes removing part of the enamel to improve the tooth’s appearance. This procedure may be used to correct a small chip. It may also be used to alter the shape or position f teeth, length or when there is tooth size discrepancy.The removed enamel is irreplaceable.This procedure is also known as odontoplasty, slenderizing, stripping, enameloplasty, contouring or recontouring.
  • Veneers:These are ultra thin custom made porcelain laminates which are directly bonded to the teeth. They enhance the shape or change the color of teeth that do not respond to whitening procedures.
  • Invisalign treatment:This is used as an alternative to the traditional metal braces. The procedure helps to treat spacing, crowding, and overlapping of teeth.
  • Bite reclamation:This procedure is especially common with people whose vertical dimension has been altered due to acid reflux or grinding of teeth. It includes opening up the persons bite so that the vertical dimension is reclaimed.
  • Dental implants:These are prosthetic replacements for missing teeth. A dental implant comprises of three parts namely; the implant device which is inserted into the bone, the abutment, and a denture or dental crown which is connected to the implant t through the abutment.
  • Gum lift:This procedure is used to raise and sculpt the gum line. It includes reshaping the tissue and underlying bones which creates the appearance for symmetrical teeth.
  • Inlays and Onlays:These procedures are used to repair decayed and cracked teeth. The procedure is mostly useful when a filling is too small to correct the decayed tooth whereas a crown would be excessive.

What kind of training do aesthetic dentists have?

Following a dental undergraduate program, aesthetic dentists undergo additional training for at least 2 years.

 

Cleft Lip repair process

Cleft Lip repair process
Cleft lip repair process is conducted over a period of eighteen years.Treatment of a cleft lip requires several surgeries.

 Age 3 months:
The first surgery is normally done when the child is about three months old. The child’s lip tissues are stitched together, during the initial surgery. These stitches are tiny in size to reduce the chances of scars. They are normally absorbable and need not be removed.

  • Age 6-12 months:
    The palate repair surgery is performed when the child is six to twelve months old. During the cleft palate repair surgery, the soft palate is covered with the tissue from the roof of the mouth. Multiple cleft palate repair surgeries may be required to cover the palate. The palate will change as the child grows.
  • Age 8 years:
    Sometimes, the child may need speech repair surgeries.
  • When the child is about eight years old, a bone graft may be required to support the gums and teeth.
  • Surgeries to enhance breathing and to realign and stabilize the jaw may also be required.
  • Adolescence:
    Cosmetic surgeries may be managed to repair scars when the child reaches adolescence. Rhinoplasty, a surgery to repair the tip of the nose may also be performed.

Preparing for the first Cleft Lip surgery

  • Certain medication that the child is taking may be stopped some days before the surgery.
  • The child cannot undergo surgery if the child is sick.
  • The child’s blood is tested and the medical history is recorded.
  • The child undergoes a complete physical examination right after birth.
  • The doctor should be well informed about any medication that the child is taking.This involves vitamins and supplements.
  • A feeding therapist will help to feed the child in the best way as the child must be healthy and gain some weight before the surgery.

 

Days admitted : 5 to 7 days

Anesthesia :General anesthesia

Recovery :– The child will take about four weeks to completely recover from the surgery.
– The surgery wound should not be stretched for three to four weeks
– Sometimes revision surgery and nasal symmetry reconstruction surgeries may be     required

– Redness and swelling may lessen after four to six weeks.

Risks :– – Disproportionate facial bone growth

– Excessive scarring that cause itching and burning sensations
– Lip contraction

After care :– The surgery site should be cleaned with a special cleaning fluid and ointment should be applied.
-The child should be on a liquid died until the wound heals. Breast feeding is encouraged.
-Sometimes Surgeons use elbow immobilizers to avoid accidental injury to the  surgery site.

– The wound should not be scratched.
– Direct sunlight should be avoided.

 

Cleft Palate Repair Surgery

Cleft Palate repair surgery (Palatoplasty)
Palatoplasty is a usual cleft palate repair procedure that is performed to seal the abnormal cavity between the mouth and the nose. Cleft palate is repaired by a surgical procedure to reconstruct or repair the palate of the patient. It helps the patient in attaining normal speech. Moreover, it aids the patient to breathe and swallow, and helps in the normal development of the mouth structures.

At which age it is recommended to undergo surgery?
Cleft palate is repaired when the child is six to 12 months old.
Repeated and combined surgical procedures are often required when the child grows.

How is Cleft Palate repair surgery performed?

  • Several layers are added to reconstruct the palate.
  • The opening to the nose is sealed and muscles are also attached that aids in lifting the palate.
  • The patient is given fluids and medications through an intravenous line.
  • The cleft palate is repaired by attaching tissue on both sides of the cleft.

How to prepare for Cleft Palate repair surgery?

  • Prescribed medication that the child is taking may be stopped some days before the surgery.
  • The doctor should be informed if the child has other illnesses and abnormalities.
  • The child undergoes a complete physical examination.
  • The child’s blood is tested and the medical history is recorded.
  • The doctor should be informed about any medication that the child is taking. This includes vitamins and supplements.
  • As cleft palate can cause ear problems, the doctor may suggest the use of Tympanostomy tubes during the surgery.
  • The pediatrician will monitor the child’s nutrition and weight. The child needs to gain a certain amount of weight for the surgery. If this is not attained by oral feeding, the child may be fed using a nasogastric tube.
  • Approximately three weeks prior to the surgery, the child’s diet should consist of food that is of a thicker consistency.

 

Duration of procedure/surgery : 2 to 3 hours

Days admitted : 2 to 3 days

Anesthesia :General anesthesia

Recovery :– The child’s pulse oximetry is monitored for more than 24 hours.
– A liquid diet is given to the child for two to three days.
– The requirement of additional surgeries is determined only after the child is four to five years old, when the speech development is almost complete.

– The child is given hydration intravenously, If a liquid diet cannot be given,.
– Sometimes pharyngoplasty and other speech therapies are needed to repair speech.

 

Risks :– Bleeding
– Airway obstruction
– Development of a fistula between the mouth and nose
– Dehiscence of the palate
– Scarring
– Tissue loss
– Hypernasal speech

After care :– The child’s mouth should be rinsed with water after the child is fed.
– A regular nipple should be avoided for three to four weeks.
– Solid food should be soft.
– A follow-up appointment should be scheduled after a week or 10 days from the date of discharge.
– Arm restraints may need to be placed if recommended by the surgeon.
– Rough play or activity should be avoided for some period.
– The child should not be exposed to other sick children to avoid infection.

The doctor should be informed if there is
– Bleeding from the mouth
– Swelling of face
– Pain that is not reduced by medication
– Fever that is higher than 101.5 degrees F

 

Crown

Crown

To cover the tooth to restore its shape, strength, and size, and enhance its appearance. Crown is a tooth-shaped “cap”, which is put over a tooth,
Why is a dental crown required?

  • Protecting the teeth of a child at high risk for tooth decay, particularly when a child has trouble maintaining day-to-day oral hygiene.
  • To restore a severely worn down tooth or an already broken tooth or a tooth
  • To cover severely discolored or misshapen teeth
  • For protecting a weak tooth (for example, from decay) from shattering or to hold jointly areas of a cracked tooth
  • To cover a dental implant
  • To make a cosmetic modification
  • For kids, a crown might be used on primary (baby) teeth so as to
  • To hold a dental bridge in position
  • Reduce the frequency of general anesthesia for kids unable due to medical history, age, behavior, to totally cooperate with the requirements of the right dental care.

A pediatric dentist will probably suggest a stainless steel crown. In this kind of cases,
What kinds of crowns are available?

  • Porcelain-fused-to-metal
  • Stainless steel
  • All-resin
  • All-porcelain or all-ceramic
  • Milled or zirconia crown
  • Metals
  • Temporary versus permanent

What are the steps for preparing a tooth for a crown?

  • Often needs two visits to the dentist for preparing a tooth for a crown; the initial visit entails assessing and preparing the tooth, the second visit entails placement of the permanent crown.

 

How must I look after my temporary dental crown?

  • Sticky foods, avoid chewy, (for caramel, instance, chewing gum)
  • Change the bulk of the chewing to the other side without crown. Reduce use of the side of your mouth with the temporary crown.
  • Avoid chewing hard and slide flossing material out rather instead of lifting out when cleaning your teeth.

What issues could grow with a dental crown?

  • Discomfort Sensitivity or discomfort.
  • Loose crown.
  • Chipped crown.
  • Dark line on crowned tooth close to the gum line.
  • Crown falls off.

How long do dental crowns last?

Dental crowns last between 5 and 15 years. The life span of a crown is resolved by the level of “wear and tear” the crown is subjected to, how well you adhere to good oral hygiene habits, and your personal mouth-related practices (you must avoid such habits as using your teeth to open packaging, chewing ice, clenching or grinding teeth, and biting fingernails.).
Does a crowned tooth need special care?

While a crowned tooth doesn’t need any special care, keep in mind that just because a tooth is crowned doesn’t imply the tooth is protected from gum diseases or decay. It is desirable to good oral hygiene habits, which include brushing your teeth at least twice daily, flossing, particularly around the crown area where the gum meets the tooth, and rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash at least once daily.

 

Dental Bone Graft

Dental Bone Graft

Bone grafting is generally closely linked to dental restorations like dental implants and bridge work. In most cases, the success of a restoration procedure may hinge on the height, width, and depth, of the jawbone at the implant site. The implants cannot be supported on this unsteady foundation and bone grafting is often appropriate for the ensuing restoration. When the jawbone has suffered significant receded or damage.
There are numerous major factors, which affect jaw bone volume:

  • Periodontal Disease– Periodontal disease may affect and permanently damage the jaw bone, which supports the teeth. Pompous parts gradually become worse until the teeth end up being unstable.
  • Tooth Extraction– Research has shown that patients who have gone through a tooth extraction eventually lose 40-60 percent of the bone surrounding the teeth removal site during the following 36 months. Loss of bone leads to what is referred to as a “bone defect”.
  • Injuries Infections and Injuries– Physical injuries and dental injuries due to a blow to the jaw may result in the bone to recede. Infections can as well cause the jaw bone to recede in the same way.

Reasons for bone grafts

In most cases, bone grafting is an extremely successful procedure. It’s also a favoured option to have tooth deformities, missing teeth, or diseased teeth. Bone grafting may increase the width and height of the jawbone and fill in fault and voids in the bone.

  • Two ways where bone grafting can positively have an effect on the stability and health of the teeth:
  • Jaw Stabilization– Bone grafting helps restore and stabilize the jaw foundation for implant or restorative surgery. Deformities may also be corrected and the restructuring of the bone may give added support.
  • Preservation – A tooth extraction or other invasive procedures, Bone grafting may be used to prevent or limit bone downturn following periodontal disease.
    Oral check-up

Firstly, the dentist will carefully check out the affected area so as to evaluate the general condition of the gums and teeth. If periodontal disease is found or the adjoining teeth are in bad state, these factors will be entirely attended to before the bone grafting process can start. The dentist will recommend panoramic x-rays as well so as to assess the exact width and depth of the existing bone.

Occasionally, a CAT scan might be suggested to establish the bone condition. Based on these results, the dentist might also anesthetize the area and examine the gum so as to figure out what type and how much bone is needed.
What does bone grafting involve?

  • Allograft Bone Graft– Cadaver or synthetic bone is used in this kind of graft.
  • Autogenous Bone Graft– Collected from the patient’s own body (typically from the rear area of the chin or lower jaw). This procedure is often preferred since it delivers the most predictable results.
  • Xenograft –Cow bone is used in this kind of graft.

 

The bone grafting procedure will likely take several months to finish. Bone is usually harvested from your own body (or on unusual instances got from a “bone bank”) and added to the affected site.This bone will fuse with the existing bone making the migration of cells resulting in firm adhesion and cell development. Augmenting the jaw with bone will lead to higher bone mass to help support and secure the implant(s).

At the time of the surgery, the dentist will numb the extraction and grafting sites using a local anesthetic. This membrane stops bacteria soft tissue and invasions and motivates new bone development. This procedure doesn’t need an overnight stay, and you will be given comprehensive instructions for your post-operative care. A small incision will be made to prepare the site for the new bone, which will be fastening into place. Sometimes, a synthetic membrane might be used to cover the new bone. The dentist will prescribe drugs to help deal with infection, swelling, and discomfort.

 

Dental Braces

Types of dental braces:

  • Invisible Braces

Invisible dental braces are different to metal braces. Invisible dental braces provide a sizeable degree of comfort, and are worn with greater confidence, than metal dental braces.  These orthodontic appliances are a series of clear plastic aligners, custom-made for the patient, which are used for straightening the teeth.
The aligner trays apply pressure and slowly move the teeth to the desired occlusal position as decided by the orthodontist. Invisible dental braces are smooth, clear aligner trays that fit comfortably over the teeth. The Invisalign or invisible or dental brace method are used a modern approach to correct malocclusion including computerized technology to customize the braces for each patient’s needs. These clear aligner trays are fitted without brackets and arch wire to tighten and are thus fairly comfortable.

The number of aligners needs is dependent on the individual patient’s condition and associated malocclusion. The patient is provided with a new set of aligners every 2-3 weeks.

How many sessions are required for invisible braces?
The invisible dental braces application is completed in two sittings.

  • At the first sitting the dentist makes a detailed diagnosis and inspects the severity of individual occlusal condition. After analyzing the situation, an impression is made which is then scanned by a computer system. Tooth movements are planned with the aid of a computer and a series of aligners are fabricated. This sitting usually takes half an hour.
  • The second session is planned for nearly 7 days after the first sitting. The custom-made invisible aligner trays are given to the patient in order to wear them over the teeth.

The patient needs to pay future visits every 2-3 weeks to get a new set of aligner trays. The number of sessions needed for completing the treatment is dependent upon the severity of the condition.

How long does the entire process take?
The invisible braces are generally worn for at least two and a half years.

What type of dentist performs the procedure?
Only a trained dentist or orthodontist who holds a certification by Invisalign will have the authority to perform the lab procedure for the fabrication of invisible aligner trays.

 

Risks:– Sensitivity to bite
– Toothache
– Tooth mobility
– Gum irritation
– Losing the aligner trays
– Inability to wear trays
– Treatment failure
– Relapse of the condition

  • Metal Braces

Dental braces or Orthodontic metal braces are the fixed appliances used to correct malocclusion and to straighten the teeth. They are used for the correction of occlusal discrepancies like open bite, over bite, over jet, cross bite, crooked teeth and various other malocclusions.
Metal braces are gold or silver in color and have two components:

  • Brackets:These are bonded to teeth
  • Arch wire:This is threaded through each of the brackets and acts as a guide to align all the teeth in their proper position.

 

Orthodontic braces have developed and better over the years and modern metal braces are less intrusive and more comfortable than the traditional bands and brackets. Metal brackets or braces are very strong and metal braces are most commonly made of stainless steel, which can withstand any type of orthodontic technique. They have a low profile design which is far less irritating to the lips and mouth.

Orthodontic metal braces exert pressure over the teeth by means of an arch wire which moves the teeth to align them in their proper position. Arch wire and Braces provide constant gentle pressure on the teeth in order to correct the malocclusion. The pressure applied should be gentle and the tooth movement should be slow.

Most of the standard metal braces require a ligature wire or elastic shaped rubber bands to secure the wire to the brackets. However, there are self-ligating braces which work with self-ligation technology to hold the arch wire.

How many visits to the dentist are required?
The number of sessions required for orthodontic treatment depends on the severity of the case. The dentist may extract teeth so as to create the required space, if there is not enough space for the proper alignment of the teeth. In such cases, the number of sessions may increase as the teeth are extracted followed by healing of the soft tissue. Otherwise, the placement of the metal braces is generally completed in two to three sessions.

In the first session, the dentist will place separators in the molar areas of the upper and lower teeth in order to create space to receive the bands. The patient is then requested to come back after a week and during the next session brackets are bonded to the surface of the teeth and arch wire is secured in position. Arch wire place pressure over the brackets and the teeth which compresses the periodontal ligament on one side and stretches on the other causing bone remodeling. The patient visits the dentist every 3-4 weeks round the entire treatment period to get the arch wire adjusted or regulate.

How long  does the entire process take?
Metal braces are usually worn for at least two and a half years.

What type of dentist performs the procedure?
Dental braces are placed by orthodontists who are specialists in the field. It is a careful and sensitive technique and therefore a general dentist cannot perform this treatment.

Taking care of oral hygiene during the process
With the bands, brackets and arch wire on the teeth surface, it becomes difficult to clean the teeth properly. There are special tooth brushes designed for cleaning around bracket areas. You need to pay extra care to keep good oral hygiene and avoid food deposition or plaque accumulation around the braces.

Risks:– Irritation to lips and oral mucosa
– Tooth decay
– Inability to clean the teeth surface leading to poor oral hygiene
– Tooth pain

– Relapse of the condition
– Breaking of the braces

– Irritation to gums
– Decalcification around brackets and arch wire
– Increased mobility of teeth due to greater pressure applied
After care: Your dentist may provide you with a retentive appliance to be worn after the braces are removed, to rule out the reversal of the condition. This retentive appliance should be worn for a period of one year.

 

Dental Bridges

What are Dental Bridges?

Dental Bridges are good options to partial dentures and dental implants. Dental Bridges are dental replacements given to a patient when one or more teeth are missing from an arch but the others remain in a good state of health. They are fixed partial dentures which are made by taking support from the healthy teeth on either side of the missing tooth. The teeth which provides support for the construction of the bridge are known as abutment teeth while the artificial tooth or teeth that replaces the space created due to teeth loss are referred to as pontics. Dental Bridges can be made from a variation of materials like gold alloys, base metal alloys, ceramic fused to metal and full ceramic.

They are much more convenient to use as compared to removable dentures and the technique is less invasive than placing a dental implant. However, not every patient is a good candidate for Dental Bridges. Dental Bridges cannot be used for the patient who has a long stretch of missing teeth. A Dental Bridge should be constructed only when the number of missing teeth is not more than three and the adjacent teeth or abutment teeth are in good health to support the replacement.

What are the different types of Dental Bridges?
There are three different categories of Dental Bridges:

  • Based on the position of supporting teeth or abutment teethTraditional bridges
    This is the most widely used replacement modality for a missing tooth or teeth. Established bridges take support from the adjacent healthy teeth or implants on either side of the missing teeth. The artificial or pontics teeth lie in between the two abutment teeth.
  • Based on material used
    • Base metal alloy Dental Bridges
    • Full ceramic Dental Bridges
    • Gold alloy Dental Bridges
    • Porcelain fused to metal Dental Bridges
    • Any combination of the above
    • Cantilever bridges
      Used when the missing tooth has an adjacent tooth on one side only. In this condition, the dentist takes support from two adjacent teeth on the same side and prepares two adjacent teeth to receive the restoration. The pontic is placed at one end in this type of restoration.
    • Maryland bonded bridges
      Also known as resin bonded Dental Bridges, these are supported by a metal framework. They have metal wings on each side of the bridge that are bonded to the existing teeth.
    • Based on the type of support taken
      Implant supported Dental Bridges
    • Tooth supported Dental Bridges

Number of sessions required for a Dental Bridge
Dental Bridges normally require two sittings at the dental clinic.

  • In the first sitting, the dentist arranges the abutment teeth for restoration. The abutment teeth are reduced on all sides and an impression is taken for both upper and lower dental arches to register the right occlusion of the patient. This sitting generally lasts for an hour.
  • In the second visit, the dentist bonds the produced bridge work over the abutment teeth and corrects occlusal discrepancies, if any. In the case of implant supported prosthesis, the number of sessions may vary depending on how the implant heals. This sitting may take 15- 30 minutes.

How long will the bridges last?
Dental Bridges offer good longevity.With good oral care and regular dental visits and checkups, they can last for longer than 15 years.

What kind of dentist makes Dental Bridges?
Dental Bridge work preparation is typical work for the prosthodontic department and is performed by a prosthodontist. The procedure can also be performed by general dentists in public or private practice.

Anesthesia: In most cases, the work can be performed without anesthesia. However, if patients complain of sensitivity during crown reduction anesthesia can be used to complete the procedure.

Recovery: In general, patients undergoing the dental bridges method experience sensitivity following preparation work.
In the case of the patient with implant supported prosthesis construction, the recovery period is dependent on the healing of implants with osseous integration which may last for up to six months.

Risks :– Teeth sensitivity
Breaking of bridges
– Accidental bridge removal

– Latrogenic pulp exposure which may cause pain and the need for root canal treatment
– Inability to bite

– Injury to gingival or gum tissue
– Occlusal discrepancies which may lead to TMJ problems
After care: It is important to take good care of the bridges in order to increase their longevity and maintain proper health of the gingival tissue and the natural teeth. In addition to regular cleaning and rinsing, flossing, regular dental checkups are necessary.

 

Dental Implants

Dental Implants

Dental implants are metal frames or posts that are surgically put into the jawbone beneath your gums. A dental implant might be an alternative for those who have lost a tooth or teeth because of an injury, periodontal disease, or periodontal, or some other cause. This is put into your jaw to hold a bridge or a replacement tooth, which is an artificial tooth root.
Kinds of dental implants

  • Endosteal (in the bone):This is the most frequently used kind of implant. The various kinds are cylinders, screws, or blades, surgically inserted into the jawbone. Each implant holds several prosthetic teeth. Endosteal is often used as an option for patients with removable bridges or dentures.
  • Subperiosteal (on the bone):They are positioned on top of the jaw with the metal framework’s posts extending through the gum to hold the prosthesis. These kinds of implants are planned for patients who are not able to wear regular dentures and who have lesser bone height .

Can anybody get dental implants?

Usually, anybody healthy enough to go through a routine oral surgery or dental extraction may be considered for a dental implant. Patients who have had radiation therapy to the neck/head area, heavy smokers, or those affected by uncontrolled chronic diseases, like heart disease or diabetes must be examined on a personal basis. If you’re thinking about implants, consult your dentist to be certain they are best for you. Patients must have sufficient bone and healthy gums to hold the implant.
What is a dental implant procedure like?

Based on your specific problem and the kind of implant selected, your periodontist will make a treatment plan customized to meet your needs.

  • An implant-supported full bridge, an implant-supported may replace them, or replacing all of the teeth if at all you’re missing all of your teeth, full denture.
  • Sinus augmentation- Sinus augmentation may help correct this issue by raising the sinus floor and developing bone for the positioning of dental implants. The upper back jaw has generally been by far the most challenging areas to explicitlyplace dental implants, because of insufficient bone quantity and quality and the close distance to the sinus.
  • Replacing numerous teeth if you’re missing numerous teeth, implant-supported bridges may replace them.
  • A crown and an implant may replace it, replacing a single tooth if you’re missing a tooth.
  • Ridge moderation abnormalities in the lower or upper jaw may leave you with an insufficient bone where to place dental implants. To correct the issue, the gum is lifted away from the ridge to uncover the bony fault. The malformation is then filled with bone or bone substitute to develop the ridge.

What can you expect after getting a dental implant?

Dental implants are alike to your own teeth and will need the same care. So as to keep your implant plaque-free and flossing, clean, and brushing still have to be done.

Regular follow-up visits will be planned to observe your implant, gums, and teeth, to ensure they are healthy. After treatment, your periodontist will work very closely with you and your dentist to create the perfect care plan for you.
How painful are dental implants?

Local anesthesia may be used during the procedure, and many patients state that implants have minimal pain compared to a tooth extraction. Many people who have got dental implants state that there is hardly any pain related with the procedure.
How Do I you look after Dental Implants?

Dental implants require the same awareness as actual teeth, which involve frequent dental checkups, brushing, flossing, and rinsing using an antibacterial mouthwash.

 

Flap Surgery

What is Flap surgery?

The gums are divided from the teeth and folded back for a short time. Gingival flap surgery is a type of gum surgery which lets a dentist get to the root of the tooth as well as the bone.
What it is used for?

This kind of surgery is used to treat gum disease. It might be suited to those with advanced or moderate gum disease. Generally, a treatment, which does not need surgery, is performed first. This is known as root planing or scaling. If this treatment doesn’t get rid of the gum infection, gingival flap surgery can be used. It as well might be performed together with another procedure called osseous (bone) surgery.
Preparation

Your dental hygienist or periodontist will first get rid of all tartar and plaque from around your teeth. He or she will ensure that your oral hygiene is good. Your periodontist will examine your health as well and the medications you take. This is vital to ensure that surgery is safe for you.
How is it performed?

  • First, you will receive an injection to numb the area. After that, the periodontist separates the gums from the teeth using scalpel. They will be lifted or folded back in the shape of a flap. This allows the periodontist direct access to the bone and roots supporting the teeth.
  • The swollen tissue will be taken from any defect in the bone and from between the teeth. The periodontist then will perform a method known as scaling and root planing to clean tartar and plaque. Should you have bone defects, your periodontist might remove them. This procedure is known as osseous recontouring. File or rotating burs will be used to smooth the edges of the bone.
  • Lastly, the gums will be positioned back against the teeth and then stitched in position by stitching. Your periodontist as well might use a bandage to cover the surgical site.

What to expect after surgery?

Usually, it takes just a few days to recover from a flap surgery. The following are common ideas to help speed recovery:

  • Take painkillers as recommended.
  • After 24 hours, you may use warm salty water to rinse your mouth gently more than once daily to ease pain and lessen swelling.
  • Change gauze pads before they get drenched with blood.
  • Relax after the procedure. Rigorous physical exercise might increase blood loss.
  • Eat soft foods like light soup, gelatin, or pudding. Slowly include solid foods to your diet as the area heals.
  • Don’t lie flat. This might extend bleeding. Prop up your head using pillows.
  • Continue to cautiously brush your tongue and teeth.
  • Apply an ice pack to the outside of your mouth to help ease pain and inflammation.
  • Don’t use sucking motions, like when using a straw to drink.
  • Don’t smoke
  • Your periodontist will want to reexamine the area in seven to ten days.

When to call a specialist

Contact your periodontist if hemorrhage continues or if the symptoms worsen after the first 3 days. This may be due to an infection.

Risks :The roots of your teeth might become more sensitive. The shape or contour of your gums might change. Gum surgery may instigate harmful microorganisms into the bloodstream. Gum tissue is more prone to infection. You should take antibiotics before and after an operation if you have a problem, which puts you at high risk for a serious infection or if infections are mainly risky for you. You might need to take antibiotics in case you have certain heart-related illnesses, which make it risky for you to get a heart infection known as endocarditis. Have a weak immune system. Had latest major operations or have man-made body parts, like a heart valve or an artificial hip.

 

Laser Teeth Whitening

Laser Teeth Whitening

 

Laser teeth whitening is a type of procedure to correct discoloration of the teeth by removing brown and yellow stains from the surface. It is also known as professional teeth whitening or in-office teeth whitening and is performed by a dentist in her/his clinical setup.

Laser Teeth Whitening is a suitable and time-saving method although the results obtained are similar to those from  at-home treatment. Laser teeth whitening is examined to be the fastest way of achieving whiter teeth and it results in teeth that are almost 10 shades lighter than the original. It is an effective treatment to remove any kind of stain from the tooth’s surface.

How is the whitening performed?
The laser teeth whitening method uses peroxide bleaching gel and a laser system to maximize tooth whitening.

  • A safety coating is placed over the gum tissue as the bleaching gel acts as an irritant to the soft tissue.
  • The dentist makes use of retractors for keeping the lips and cheeks away from the bleaching gel.
  • The bleaching gel is then applied over the teeth and exposed to the laser beam.
  • The teeth requiring the treatment are first isolated.
  • The bleaching gel penetrates the tooth surface releasing oxygen which results in tooth whitening.

How many sessions are required for Laser Teeth Whitening?
In most cases, the desired level of teeth whitening is achieved in just one sitting, while other cases with severe staining may need further sittings. The number of sessions required for laser teeth whitening depends on the extent of the stains on the teeth.

How long does the entire procedure take?
The length of time is dependent on the degree of discoloration. The procedure for laser teeth whitening is normally completed within 1-2 hours.

How long will the effects last?

If regular care is provided, the tooth whitening can last for as long as 1-2 years or more. The long term reaction of laser teeth whitening varies from person to person. Certain habits such as smoking or tobacco use, and drinking tea, coffee and cold drinks may discolor the tooth surface very quickly.
What type of dentist performs Laser Teeth Whitening?
Laser teeth whitening is performed by a cosmetic dentist. Laser teeth whitening is a typical aesthetic and cosmetic dentistry procedure. However, it could also be performed by a general dentist who has the required skills.

Anesthesia: None

Risks:– Sore lips and cheeks
– Increased risk of tongue cancer

– Over-bleaching
– Pain

– Injury to gum tissue caused by irritation from bleaching gel
– Increased dentinal sensitivity.

 

Pediatric Dentistry

What is Pediatric Dentistry?

This is the branch of dentistry that deals with the oral care and treatment of children from birth to adolescence.
Who is a pediatric dentist?

These are dentists who specialize in the oral health of infants, children, and teenagers. They care for their teeth, gums and mouth throughout their childhood stages.

Children begin teething during the first six months of their life. However, some children take longer to get their baby teeth. After the age of six, they begin to lose their first set of teeth. These are later replaced by secondary or permanent teeth. Oral disease and decay can cause the child to have a lifetime of complications and pain. Oral decay and disease occur if the teeth do not receive proper dental care.
Why see a pediatric dentist?

  • It is important to establish a relationship between your child and the pediatric dentist that is ongoing. This will ensure that your child gets accessible and comprehensive dental care throughout their childhood.
  • A pediatric dentist will also give you  direction on preventative dental care that you can follow at home. This includes brushing teeth and flossing. In addition, pediatric dentists provide a caries risk assessment, advice on preventing injuries to the mouth and teeth, information on the thumb, finger and pacifier habits, diet counseling and growth and development information.
  • Early detection can be attainedthrough regular examinations by the pediatric dentist. Early detection of oral and dental problems aids in proper and appropriate treatment. This is essential in maintaining oral health and modifying aberrant habits.
  • Children are not always cooperative and are less patient during dental exams.

Pediatric dentists have the specialized and extra training to protect the exams is as comfortable and easy as possible. Pediatric dentists use equipment that is specially designed for children’s use. The offices are also often decorated with children in mind.

  • A pediatric dentist offers diagnosis and a wide variety of treatment options or management of diseases recommendations. By seeing a pediatric dentist you ensure that your child will receive the best possible care.

What kind of training do pediatric dentists have?

Pediatric dentists should have completed at least 4 years of dental school and 2 more years of residency training in pediatric dentistry.
Types of treatments offered by pediatric dentists?

Pediatric dentists provide comprehensive unwritten health care that involves the following:

  • Infant oral examinations to assess risk of caries in both mother and child
  • Counseling on habits such as thumb sucking and the use of a pacifier.
  • Assessment and treatment for teeth straightening.
  • Preventive dental care which includes cleaning, fluoride treatments and diet and nutrition recommendations.
  • Correcting an improper bite, also known as orthodontics
  • Repair of defects or tooth cavities
  • Diagnosis of oral conditions that is associated with diseases such as asthma, diabetes, hay fever, congenital heart defect and hyperactivity/attention deficit disorder
  • Management of oral diseases such as gum disease, mouth ulcers, mucoceles, short frenulum and pediatric periodontal disease
  • Care for dental injuries such as displaced, fractured or knocked out teeth

 

Porcelain Veneers

What are porcelain veneers?
Position of porcelain veneers is a dental procedure and Porcelain Veneers are also known as dental porcelain laminates or veneers. It is designated for smile improvement by correcting crooked teeth, dark stained teeth by providing a natural look within a few days. Porcelain veneers are wafer thin shells of porcelain that are bonded onto the front surface of teeth to create an esthetic increase and appearance the bite problem.

What are the different types of Porcelain Veneers?

  • Traditional Porcelain Veneers
    Traditional porcelain veneers are tooth-shaped porcelain shells that are bonded to the front of a tooth. These veneers are non-removable and they can last for many years on proper maintenance. Placement of these veneers requires two office visits. These are best indicated to conceal tooth flaws. The teeth are prepared during first visit and the veneers are placed on second visit.
    The procedure is performed by an experienced cosmetic dentist by administering a local anesthetic. Initially short-term veneers are placed on a patient in between the visits for approximately one to two weeks until the permanent veneers are fabricated.

 

  • LUMINEERS® Porcelain Veneers
    This technique involves fabrication of ultra-thin translucent porcelain that snugly fits over the tooth. These are removable and can be removed on patient’s desire.  These type of porcelain veneers are mention as “minimal prep” porcelain veneers as the position process does not require removal of natural tooth structure.

The placement procedure of LUMINEERS® porcelain veneers requires two office visits: An impression of the patient’s teeth along with the oral structures is taken during the first visit and the impression will be sent to laboratory to custom-craft the veneers. This technique does not require placement of temporary veneers on patient as the tooth structure is left intact.
The procedure is finished by inspect the veneer fit followed by polishing to provide an esthetic look. The second visit will be scheduled approximately after one week for the placement of well-crafted LUMINEERS by bonding with dental-grade cement.
How many sessions are required?
The process requires two sessions.

How long will the veneers last?
Replacement of veneers is need after this period.

Porcelain veneers usually last between 5 and 10 years.

What kind of dentist performs the porcelain veneer placement?
This process is performed by a cosmetic dentist.

How long does the entire process take?
The period of process depends on the existing condition of the teeth and the number of veneers that needs to be placed.

It requires additional time if the teeth are extremely crooked.
Generally, it takes approximately one to two weeks for custom fabricated veneers.

 

Anesthesia: Local anesthesia

Risks: The veneers placement procedure includes minimal risk, such as minor tooth sensitivity instantly following the procedure.
Risks include:
– Uncomfortable fit
– Uneven color
– Tooth decay

– Allergic reaction

– Increased teeth sensitivity
– Chipped and loose veneer
After care:

Your dentist may advise you to have a follow-up visit a couple of weeks after the Procedure, to inspect the state of gums and to control the response of oral tissues.Visit your dentist if facing any complications related to your teeth.

 

 

Maxillofacial Surgery

What is maxillofacial surgery?

This is a type of surgical subspecialty of medicine that identifies and treats defects, diseases and injuries to the hard and soft tissues of the mouth (oral) and face region (maxillofacial) and jaws. These injuries, defects or diseases, may interfere with the function or aesthetics of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Who performs maxillofacial surgery?

This kind of surgery is executed by a maxillofacial surgeon. This includes the anatomical area of the mouth, skull, face, and jaws as well as related structures. Such a surgeon is specialized in treating the entire craniomaxillofacial complex.
What kind of training do maxillofacial surgeons have?

Depending on the location, maxillofacial surgeons may have training in general medicine, surgery, and dentistry. Training and qualification in medicine can be optionally undertaken. They may also undertake extra optional training for 1 or 2 years in oral and maxillofacial surgery fellowship training. This fellowship can be in the following areas:

  • Maxillofacial regeneration
  • Craniofacial surgery
  • Cranio-maxillofacial trauma
  • Cosmetic facial surgery
  • Head and neck cancer-microvascular reconstruction
  • Head and neck reconstruction

Why see a maxillofacial surgeon?

  • To have an oral, facial or jaw cyst or tumor diagnosed and treated.
  • To have your jaw aligned
  • To have your jaw joints repaired
  • To have facial and jaw reconstruction after cancer surgery
  • To have dental implants inserted to replace teeth.
  • To have the facial bones realigned after facial trauma.
  • To consult so as to determine whether to have aesthetic surgery
  • To have a tooth extracted
  • To have oral surgical procedures performed

Surgical procedures

Treatments may be performed on the cranio-maxillofacial complex which includes the face, neck, mouth, jaws and include:

  • Dentoalveolar surgery:This is a type of surgery for painful tooth extraction, to remove impacted teeth, extractions on medically compromised patients, dentures, bone grafting or pre-prosthetic surgery, or other dental prostheses.
  • Surgery to insert bone fused maxillofacial implants and dental implants for attaching bone anchored hearing aids and craniofacial prostheses.
  • Cosmetic surgery of the head and neck:This includes , rhinoplasty browlift, cosmetic treatments, blepharoplasty, lip enhancement ,facelift , septoplasty, cheek or chin augmentation, genioplasty, oculoplastics, neck liposuction, injectable chemical peel and botox
  • Corrective jaw surgery and surgical treatment of sleep apnea.

How to prepare for maxillofacial surgery

If opting for sedation or general anesthesia you should not drink or eat anything 6-8 hours prior to the surgery. Any prescribed medication should be taken with only a small sip of water.

After care :

Activity: You can resume regular activities slowly after the first 2-3 days. This is because strenuous activities can promote bleeding.

 

Bleeding: Most bleeding is usually under control by the time you leave. Some blood-tinged saliva or oozing may continue for a day.

 

Pain: The doctor will prescribe medication to manage any pain you may experience.

Swelling: This may occur immediately after the procedure. It may gradually increase over 1-3 days. Ice packs may control the swelling.

Nausea: This may result from the anesthesia or pain medication.

Hot and spicy foods should be avoided

Oral hygiene: This should not be avoided.

 

Brush your teeth as usual and use warm salt water to rinse the mouth after each meal. The surgical area should not be brushed for at least 4 days following the surgery.

Fever: It is normal to have an elevated body temperature following the procedure for a day.

Side effects: These are temporary and improve as healing progresses. They involve an earache, discoloration of the skin and restricted mouth opening,, the temporary ache of the adjacent teeth and stretching or cracking at the mouth corners.

Diet: You should eat soft foods and drink liquids 1-2 days following surgery.

Teeth Whitening

What is Teeth whitening?

Whitening isn’t a one-time process. It will have to be repeated frequently if you want to maintain the brighter shade. Tooth whitening lightens teeth and helps to get rid of discoloration and stains.
Reasons for teeth whitening

  • Exposure to an excessive amount of fluoride as a child while teeth are developing
  • Trauma might also darken a tooth.
  • Aging makes teeth less bright
  • Using tobacco
  • Drinking dark-colored liquids like red wine, cola, coffee and tea
  • Not taking good care of your teeth
  • Tetracycline antibiotics – Discolorsa child’s teeth if taken by a mother during the second half of pregnancy or even by a child who is eight years old or younger

Preparation

If your gums have receded, the exposed roots of your teeth might appear discolored or yellow. Whitening products won’t make them whiter. Other dental issues may affect the success of tooth whitening. For in this case, cavities should be treated before teeth are whitened. That is because the whitening solution might penetrate decomposed parts and get to the inner areas of the tooth.

Whitening can be performed at home or in the dental office: – For in-office whitening, your dentist would most likely photograph your teeth first. This step will assist him or her to check the progress of the treatment.

If you have receding gums or tooth decay, whitening might make your teeth sensitive. Whitening as well doesn’t work on ceramic or porcelain veneers or crowns.

For whitening at home:

– Whitening gel has to be applied frequently everyday for 2 to 3 weeks at home. Over-the-counter kits also are accessible for home use. Your dentist can create trays to hold the whitening gel, which fit your teeth accurately. Consult your dentist if you would like to use these home products.
How it’s done

There are two important whitening procedures.
Vital whitening

The best-known kind of vital tooth whitening uses a gel, which is applied directly to the tooth surface. This product has some kind of hydrogen peroxide.

Tooth whitening may be performed in the dentist’s office or at home. In-office whitening lets your dentist use a more productive whitening gel.

In-office whitening often takes 30 to 90 minutes. You will need one to three appointments. How serious your stains are and how white you wish your teeth to be. The number is based on the procedure used,
Non-vital whitening

Vital whitening might not better the look of a tooth, which has had root-canal treatment since the stain is originating from the inside of the tooth. The specialist will place a whitening agent inside the tooth and place a temporary filling over it. Should this be the case, your dentist will use an alternative procedure, which whitens the tooth from the inside. The tooth is going to be left this way for a number of days. You might need this completed only once, or it may be repeated until the tooth gets to the preferred color.
When to Contact an expert

If you feel your teeth will benefit from whitening, call your dentist to discuss the procedure.

Risks: Whitening is not likely to result in severe side effects, though some people’s teeth might become more sensitive for a moment. You might get mild gum irritation also. Women must not have their teeth whitened while pregnant. The effect of the whitening materials on the growth of the fetus isn’t known. Given that the procedure is cosmetic, it must be put off until after delivery.

 

After care: If you consume lots of staining drinks or foods or smoke, you might see the whiteness begin to fade within a month. If you stay away from these sources of staining, you might not require another whitening treatment for six to twelve months. Re-whitening may be performed at home or in the dentist’s office.

 

Cost Estimate

Implants – start from $400/implant

Tooth impaction surgery – $200/tooth.

 

The above mentioned cost includes the doctor’s fee, procedure charge and implant cost.

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